Which SQL Back-End is Right For You?

SQL back-ends are a powerful way to store and manage information. They allow developers to create custom applications for a variety of uses. Some popular choices are PostgreSQL, MySQL, MariaDB, and Java. Each has distinct advantages and disadvantages. Read on to find out which one is right for your needs.

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SQL Back-End on Java

A Java SQL back-end allows you to access the data stored in a database. To do this, you need to implement the JDBC API. This specification allows you to connect to different types of databases and exchange data with them. The JDBC API is made up of classes and interfaces written in Java. Some databases use a slightly different SQL dialect than others.

SQL is a widely used language for relational databases. It is powerful and supports portability across different computer systems. It also supports Java integration. In addition, it can be used to retrieve huge amounts of data.

It is highly flexible and can be used on desktops, laptops, servers, and mobile phones. It supports many different database types and can be used to update, manage, and query data. Many websites use SQL for storing and retrieving information about their clients. It is a high-level programming language with an English-like syntax.

The INSERT INTO statement adds a new record to a table. The SELECT statement performs the same operation. The result set is an object that contains the table data. It must be declared before calling the function. Then, a call to the execute() method executes the query and returns the resulting data.

Java is one of the most popular languages for back-end development. It is less beginner-friendly than Python and requires more code, but it has an extensive community. There are also plenty of online tutorials that can help you get started. Java developers make an average of $100,168 per year in the US.


The PostgreSQL database provides an efficient and flexible back-end for dynamic websites and applications. PostgreSQL is extensible, allowing users to define their own data types and indexes, as well as custom functional languages and plugins. The PostgreSQL documentation explains the syntax and parameters available in the database.

In order to configure the PostgreSQL database, you need to install the PostgreSQL server on your system. It installs a database engine on your computer, which is free and open source. The installation process is easy. Once the database server is installed on your system, you can configure its properties using a command-line interface.

In PostgreSQL, you can set user-id restrictions in the database. By default, the database runs with a postgres “superuser” user-id, which means that all database files belong to this user. It’s also possible to define custom schemas. Besides the standard tables and columns, you can also use PostGIS data types.

Another way to connect PostgreSQL to other systems is by using a foreign data wrapper. With this feature, you can retrieve data from a file system, another RDBMS, or a web service.

These foreign data sources can be accessed as regular tables, and you can even use them to join multiple data sources. Security is managed on a per-role basis, which means that permissions can be granted and revoked on objects such as database and schema.

PostgreSQL supports many different storage systems. It stores information about queries and data in nodes and lists. Query results are also sorted, grouped, and paginated.

GraphQL queries are also supported and are compatible with cursor-based queries. If your database contains a dataframe, it is possible to modify the behavior of a session using the dataframe query.

PostgreSQL is a powerful database with many features. It supports ACID properties, materialized views, triggers, and foreign keys. It is designed to handle a wide range of workloads and is the default database for macOS Server. It can also be used on Linux, Windows, and FreeBSD.


If you’re developing an application and want a reliable and open-source SQL back-end, MariaDB is an excellent choice. It offers an enterprise edition with features like automatic failover, load balancing, and multi-master clustering.

It also supports advanced SQL features such as GIS functions, correlation functions, and common table expressions. MariaDB also provides an Xpand plugin that lets you create and deploy distributed databases. This allows you to scale up and down according to application traffic and demands.

MariaDB’s default storage engine is InnoDB, and it supports transactions and transportable tablespaces. However, it has a number of limitations. Although it supports transportability, you should be aware that restoring a snapshot will still require some table repairs. You can take snapshots while MariaDB is running and restore them later.

Another feature of MariaDB is its support for virtual columns. This feature allows you to perform calculations on the database level, which is very useful when multiple applications require access to the same column. Unlike MySQL, MariaDB offers this feature as well. Using virtual columns will save your database a lot of time and increase performance.

MariaDB also provides advanced security features. It has database firewalls and multi-factor authentication. Furthermore, it supports transparent data encryption.

This feature is comparable to that of proprietary databases, and can protect your database against severe attacks. The database firewall, which limits the number of requests a user can make during a database session, helps prevent DoS attacks from occurring.

MariaDB is a popular choice for database developers as it is fully open-source and can replace MySQL in existing applications. It uses the same version number as MySQL, which means that migration will be seamless and easy. The database is also more powerful than MySQL and offers many advanced features not supported by MySQL.

This makes it an attractive choice for primary backend databases. It should be noted, however, that organizations with Oracle licenses do not necessarily need MariaDB, but those who are starting from scratch should consider it if they want to run a fast, reliable database.